Aqua Resources

Aqua Resources

PUFFERFISH

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  • They are from the family Tetraodontidae.
  • They are carnivorous in nature.
  • They grow up to 3ft
  • They are slow moving aquatic creatures.
  • They use their elastic stomach and the ability to ingest huge amount of water (and even air when necessary) as a defense mechanism to turn themselves into virtually inedible ball several times their normal size.
  • Almost all Pufferfish contains tetrotodoxin.

Source: http://google.com/amp/s/relay.nationalgeographic.com/proxy/distribution/public/amp/animals/fish/group/pufferfish

WOBBEGONG SHARK

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  • They are bottom dwelling sharks, spending most their time at the sea floor.
  • Most species attain maximum length of 4.1ft or less, but the largest, spotted Wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus and banded Wobbegong Orectolobus halei reach about the height of 9.8ft.
  • Wobbegong are camouflaged with a symmetrical pattern of bold markings which makes them to be referred to as carpet sharks.

Source; http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/wobbegong

MANATEE

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  • Manatees are from the family Trichechidae and genus Trichechus. They are large, fully aquatic, mostly herbivorous marine mammals.
  • Manatees are occasionally called sea cows, as they are slow plant-eaters, peaceful and similar to cows on land.
  • They often graze on water plants in tropical seas.
  • They weigh as much as 590 kg They possess paddle like flippers.

Source; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manatee

PEARL

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  • A pearl is a hard, glistening object produced within the soft tissue (specifically organs, called the mantle).
  • It is formed when an object enters the shell of an oyster, In order to protect itself from irritation, the oyster will quickly begin covering the uninvited visitor with layers of nacre, a mineral substance that fashions the mollusks shells.
  • Layer upon layer of nacre also known as mother-of-pearl, coat the grain of sand until the iridescent gem is formed the mantle) of a living shelled mollusk (oyster).
  • A natural pearl begins its life intruder, such as a grain inside an oyster’s shell when an of sand or bit of floating food, slips in between one of the two shells of the oyster, a protective layer that covers the mollusk.

Sources; http://www.livescience.com/32289-how-do-oysters-make-pearls.html

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/pearl

Image from; Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/en:GNU_Free_Documentation_License)

BASKING SHARK

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  • The basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) fr the family Cetorhinidae is the second-largest living shark, after the whale shark.
  • It is a filter feeder.
  • Adults typically reach 7.9 m (26 ft) in length. They are usually greyish brown, with mottled skin.
  • It is found in all world’s temperate ocean.
  • its common name derives from its habit of feeding at the surface, appearing to be basking in the warmer water there.

Source; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basking_shark

MEGAMOUTH SHARK

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  • The megamouth shark (Megachasma pelagios) from the Megachasmidae family is a species of deepwater shark.
  • These sharks are rarely seen by humans. They are filter feeders.
  • They were discovered in 1976.
  • They swim with its enormous mouth wide open, filtering water for plankton and jellyfish. It is distinctive for its large head with rubbery lips.

Image from; ABP (https://www.google.com/amp/s/news.abplive.com/lifestyle/terrifying-fisherman-catches-rare-megamouth-shark-in-japan-325020/amp)

MOSQUITO FISH

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  • The mosquitofish From the family Poeciliidae is a freshwater fish.
  • They are small sized fishes with females reaching a maximum length of 7 cm (2.8 in) and males a maximum length of 4 cm (1.6 in).
  • The name “mosquitofish” was given because the fish eats mosquito larvae, and has been used more than any other fishes for the biological control of mosquitoes.

Source; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosquitofish

Image from; Wikipedia

OCTOPUS

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  • The octopus is a soft-bodied, eight-limbed mollusc of the order Octopoda, within the class (Cephalopoda) with squids, cuttlefish, and nautiloids.
  • The mouth is at the centre point of the eight limbs.
  • The octopus through it soft body can rapidly alter it shape enabling it to penetrate through small gaps.
  • The octopus has excellent sight and is among the most intelligent invertebrates.

Source; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/octopus

BLACK MOOR GOLDFISH

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  • The Black Moor Goldfish is egg-shaped with a short, stubby body and large eyes protruding from either side of its head.
  • It is from the family Cyprinidae.
  • It can live up to 15 years.
  • it an omnivore.

Source; http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/goldfish/BlackMoor.php

EPAULETTE SHARK

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  • It is from the species of the longtail carpet shark, from the family Hemiscylliidae.
  • The common name of this shark comes from the very large, white-margined black spot behind each pectoral fin, which are reminiscent of military epaulettes.

 Image from; Pinterest (aquariumdomain.com)

IMMORTAL JELLYFISH

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  • Turritopsis dohrnii, the immortal jellyfish, is a species of small, biologically immortal jellyfish.
  • it is from the family oceaniidae It is found in the Mediterranean Sea and in the waters of Japan.

Image from; Source: Wikimedia Commons

KELP

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  • The kelp is a brown algae from the Laminaria species.
  • They are found in marine environment.
  • They grow up to 70m.
  • They make up the marine forest
  • There make up the forest in the water body as well.

Image from Oceanlight (credit; Phillip Colla)

NUDIBRANCH

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  • They are a group of soft-bodied, marine gastropod molluscs.
  • They shed their shells after their larval stage.
  • They are noted for their often extraordinary colours and striking forms, and they have been given colourful nicknames to match, such as “clown”,”marigold”,”splendid”, “dancer”, and “dragon”.
  • Currently, about 3,000 valid species of nudibranchs are known.

Source; https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nudibranch

TIGER SHARK

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  • The tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier)is a species of requiem shark and the only extant member of the genus Galeocerdo. It is a large macropredator, capable of attaining a length over 5m (16 ft 5 in).
  • Tiger shark teeth are unique with very sharp, pronounced serrations and an unmistakable sideways-pointing tip. Such dentition has developed to slice through flesh, bone, and other tough substances such as turtle.

Image from; Oceana.org

PLATYPUS

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  • The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus, is a semi-aquatic egg-laying mammal endemic to eastern Australia including Tasmania.
  • It is the sole living representative of its family (Ornithorhynchidae) and genus (Ornithorhynchus) though a number of related species appear in fossil record.
  • They can live up to 15 years or more in captivity.

Source; http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/platypus

Image from; Pinterest (Susana Opazo Rodriguez)

GIANT CLAM

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  • The giant clam is appropriately named, as it is the largest clam and the largest bivalve (clam, oyster, or mussel) in the world.
  • This species lives on coral reefs in the Coral Triangle and surrounding areas.
  • The majority of their energy is derived from symbiotic algae living within their cells, providing the clams with excess energy that they make via photosynthesis.
  • In return, the algae have a safe place to live and receive the nutrients necessary to photosynthesize.

Source https://oceana.org/marine-life/corals-and-other-invertebrates/giant-clams

LEATHERBACK TURTLE

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  • The leatherback turtle is the largest living turtle on the planet.
  • Unlike all other marine turtles, the leatherback turtle does not have a hard, bony carapace (shell). Instead, as its name implies, it has a tough, rubbery shell that is composed of cartilage-like tissues.
  • Leatherbacks spend almost all of their time in the ocean with females only coming to shore to lay eggs. Males will never be out of the water again during egg laying by females and are therefore more difficult to study than females.
  • When foraging, leatherback turtles are known to dive down to nearly 4,000 feet (1,200 m) – which is deeper than any other turtle and most marine mammals.

Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/Sea-turtles-and-birds/leatherback-Turtle

HUMPBACK WHALE

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  • The humpback whale is a charismatic species of large whale that has a truly global distribution.
  • The scientific name for humpback whales, Megaptera, translates to “big-winged” in reference to their long pectoral fins.
  • Interestingly, though they are enormous, humpback whales are not predatory.
  • They filter feed for tiny krill or small pelagic fishes and are totally harmless to people (other than through accidental collisions).
  • Male humpback whales create and sing songs that can be heard up to 20 miles away.

Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/marine-mammals/Humpback-whale.

WALRUS

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  • The walrus is one of the most charismatic species of the Arctic Ocean and adjacent seas, noted for the very large size of the ivory tusks.
  • The walrus’s tusks are actually greatly elongated canine teeth. Both males and females have tusks, with the males’ being much longer.
  • Walruses are foraging predators that feed on a variety of bottom invertebrates, including shellfish, worms, crabs, etc. and perhaps some fishes.
  • Walruses are terrestrial, marine mammals, meaning they can swim in the ocean and walk on land and sea ice.

https://oceana.org/marine-life/marine-mammals/Walrus

ATLANTIC WOLF FISH

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It has very large teeth that stick out of its mouth, even when closed, giving it a ferocious appearance. They have long, eel-like bodies and are sometimes known as “wolf eels” but are not eels. Instead, they are advanced fish that are closely related to sculpins. These fish are restricted to the cold waters of the north Atlantic Ocean, and their blood contains several natural compounds that prevent it from freezing.
Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/Oceans-fishes/atlantic-wolf-fish

STOPLIGHT LOOSEJAW

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The stoplight loosejaw is named for the two specialized light-producing organs that are located below each eye. One is green and one is red. There is very little light at the stoplight loosejaw’s preferred depth – 1700 to 13,000 feet (500-4000 m) below the sea surface. This species likely utilizes its light organs to visually locate prey. The red organ, in particular, is valuable because most species at those depths cannot see red light. Furthermore, the mouth is not covered with skin, so these fish rely on their long, needle-like teeth to capture the prey and manipulate it for swallowing whole.

SOURCE: https://oceana.org/marine-life/oceans-fishes/stoplight-loosejaw

COOKIE CUTTER SHARK

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The cookiecutter shark is one of the most interesting sharks in the ocean, and it never grows bigger than 18-20 inches (~50 cm). It gets its common name from its feeding strategy of biting off small chunks of much larger animals. It feeds off larger animals, without killing them. It uses its sharp, pointed upper teeth to latch on the skin of a much larger shark, bony fish, or marine mammal and its thick, strong, triangular lower teeth to scoop out a mouth-sized chunk of flesh.These sharks are covered with light organs, likely used for either communication or camouflage.

Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/oceans-fishes/the-cookie-cutter-shark

GIANT MANTRA RAY

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The giant manta ray is the largest ray and one of the largest fishes in the world. Reaching widths of up to 29 feet (8.8 m). They constantly swim along with their large mouths open, filtering plankton and other small food from the water. Giant manta rays are found worldwide in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters and are commonly seen offshore, in oceanic waters, and near productive coastlines.

Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/rays-and-sharks/mantra-ray

ANTARCTIC KRILL

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The Antarctic krill is an extremely common, pelagic crustacean native to the waters surrounding Antarctica and is one of the most important prey species near the bottom of Southern Ocean food webs. Antarctic krill are filter feeders that eat tiny phytoplankton (pelagic algae). They use their small, hair-like legs to filter out microscopic algae that bloom in the nutrient-rich waters around Antarctica. Before molting, an individual begins building a new, larger skeleton inside the existing one. As it gets too big to be contained, it splits open the outer shell, and the new exoskeleton hardens.

Source: https://oceana.org/marine-life/crustaceans-and-shellfishes/antartic-krill